Juvenile diabetes, as the name implies, is a disease that most frequently found on children, although it may also be found in late adolescents in some cases. This type of diabetes is suspected by scientists to be a hereditary disease, but this conclusion is still plausible. However, it is clear that Type II diabetes is insulin-dependent; meaning that this disease is caused by the lack of insulin, which is a result of the damaging of the pancreas or an excessive production of hormones that can hinder the production of insulin. This lack of insulin causes the body to be unable to distribute glucose throughout the body, thereby depriving the body of its main fuel.
Symptoms of this include excessive hunger and thirst due to the body’s lack of fuel and a significant decrease in one’s weight, even if one eats very often. Along with this excessive hunger and thirst is the frequent need to urinate. The frequent urination is a result of the kidney trying to get rid of the unused glucose in the body. Other symptoms of juvenile diabetes include headache, nausea, vomiting, fatigue, dizziness, and absence of menstruation in girls. Once these symptoms are noticed, a consultation to a doctor should be done along with a shifting to a low-sugar diet.
Patients with juvenile diabetes have to be consistently receiving insulin to stay alive. Insulin may be given through subcutaneous injection by needle or by infusion with a pump. The insulin can be modified to slow down its absorption from the subcutaneous tissue. The number of insulin injected may vary, and its amount should be adjusted for the food intake and exercise. The transplantation of pancreatic islets also holds potential for curing juvenile diabetes, however, most of the time the immune systems destroys these transplanted pancreatic islets, so it is still best to rely on one’s discipline and diligence to maintain an adjusted lifestyle to improve the condition of a patient with juvenile diabetes